Why Should We Reconstruct This Memorial?
It is of national historic value. We believe that it is the only Memorial of its kind in the U.S. It was actually constructed by the doughboys themselves, BEFORE they went to battle, then maintained by the veterans themselves after the war. In 1922, after being moved by the veterans to Valley Forge Park, it was dedicated and accepted by Franklin D'Olier, the first National Commander of the American Legion, "In the Name of the American People" (www.314th.org/1922-log-cabin-dedication.html).
It serves as a reminder to the nation that veterans are not forgotten. Soldiers and families today want to know that what they do matters and that they will not be forgotten. They will never forget their comrades in battle and there is a great appreciation from those soldiers of today in seeing that even 100 years later, WE have not forgotten those veterans of WWI who fought and in some cases died for us - - - not for fame, not for glory, but because they were called to serve and it was the right thing to do. Remembering those veterans of WWI serves as a reassurance to those in uniform today that they will also be remembered in 100 years for what they are doing.
It is important to the history of Fort Meade. It will be rededicated as Fort Meade's WWI Memorial - their only memorial to the more than 400,000 soldiers who passed through Camp Meade during WWI. Fort Meade is one of the 10 installations across the U.S. that were stood up for WWI (that are still in operation). The 314th Cabin would be the only WWI era building at Fort Meade. The cabin would serve both as a reminder of the past and a bridge to the future.
When the United States entered World War One on 6 April 1917, there was an immediate need to house and train large numbers of newly drafted men for service in the Army. Camp Meade, Maryland was one of sixteen new cantonments opened to train newly conscripted men for military service. Over 9,000 acres were purchased by the
War Department and construction began in July 1917. The newly established 79th Division, composed of draftees from the surrounding region, was the first unit to arrive at Camp Meade in September 1917. Men of the 314th Infantry Regiment, an element of the 79th division, built a log cabin at Meade in 1917 near their regimental headquarters, to serve as an officer.s club and day room. They used felled trees on post and salvaged material such as spikes forged from old horseshoes and chandeliers fabricated from wagon wheels.
The soldiers of the 314th shipped out to France on July 6, 1918. They suffered heavy losses in their participation in the Meuse Argonne offensive . the deadliest battle of the war. Upon returning and being discharged in 1919, the surviving members of the 314th Infantry set out to create a memorial to the men of the regiment who fell in battle. In 1922, the newly formed organization, The Veterans of the 314th Infantry, purchased the Cabin from the War Surplus Department for $50. The cabin was deconstructed by the veterans, transported and rebuilt in Valley Forge to serve as a memorial for those who perished in France.
The veterans met annually at the cabin to remember their comrades who paid the ultimate price, donating their own materials to be displayed inside to illustrate to the public the experiences of the 79th Division.s Doughboys. Over the years, the successor organization to the veterans, the Descendants & Friends of the 314th Infantry (www.314th.org) lovingly cared for the cabin and continued the annual Memorial Services to honor the men of the 314th, with their 99th annual service in 2017.
In 2012, the cabin was carefully deconstructed, transported back home and gifted to Camp Meade. As a befitting honor for the commemoration of Camp Meade's contribution to war, a group of dedicated people are working to ensure that the Log Cabin Memorial is rededicated in 2017 to serve as the Fort George G. Meade World War I Memorial.
The first contribution for this memorial to the fallen of the Great War came from the veterans themselves - $50. To find out how you can help to reconstruct this historic memorial go to www.314th.org or contact:
Granddaughter, CPL John Blazosky, Company L
firstname.lastname@example.org or 443-907-7588
Please join us for our 99th Annual Memorial Service at 2pm on Sunday May 28, 2017!The Memorial service will be held at the Washington Memorial Chapel located on the same grounds as the cabin once stood.
Click here for Google Map/Directions
Our speaker will be Gene Fax, author of the new book:
Cabin Reconstruction at Fort Meade - Click for Memorial Memo January 2017"The Descendants & Friends of the 314th Infantry", part of the 79th Division who trained at Camp Meade, are supporting Fort George G. Meade on the reconstruction of the 314th Infantry Log Cabin. This historic structure will become the Fort Meade WWI Memorial in 2017, dedicated to the soldiers of WWI. Please take a moment to view the video below above.
The reconstruction of the Log Cabin Memorial will be a community-wide effort of time, materials, and money:
Skilled labor - If you are in the Fort Meade area and are able to donate your time and skills to support the reconstruction, please let us know. We are in particular need of the following: plumber, welder, roofer, mason, and concrete finisher. If you know of a company who is able to donate skilled labor, the labor is a tax deductible charitable contribution.
Materials - If you would like to sponsor specific construction materials, please indicate what item(s) you would like to sponsor on your check or in your PayPal donation.
Please click on this link to see a list of needed construction materials. (Sponsorship of construction materials are a charitable contribution and are tax deductible.)
Money - If you would like to make a financial contribution, we are accepting donations to a dedicated account for the Fort Meade WWI Memorial. You can donate by mailing a check or via PayPal. Your check or PayPal donation is a tax deductible charitable contribution to: The Descendants & Friends of the 314th.
If donating by check, please make your check out to D&F of the 314th Infantry. Please indicate that the money is for the cabin reconstruction, and mail to:
Descendants & Friends 314th
John Shetler, Treasurer
137 House Rock Road
Pequea, PA 17565
If donating via PayPal, please click on the "Donate Now" button.
The Descendants and Friends of the 314th is a 501c3 nonprofit organization. The official registration and financial information of the Descendants and Friends of the 314th Infantry Regiment may be obtained from the Pennsylvania Department of State by calling toll-free, within Pennsylvania, 1-800-732-0999. Registration does not imply endorsement.
For more information, contact Nancy Schaff: email@example.com
WHAT WE'RE ABOUTThe Descendents and Friends of the 314th are a group of people dedicated to honoring and preserving
the story of their fathers, grandfathers, and family members in the First World War.
Originally organized as the Veterans of the 314th Infantry A.E.F. the veterans have since passed on.
The current membership helps to continue this remembrance, receives a newsletter, and once a year attends
a Memorial Day service at the Washington Memorial Chapel located on the same grounds as the cabin once stood.
We are always looking for new members and interested persons.
Anyone wanting more information please contact Joel Rentz at firstname.lastname@example.org
Please title your email inquiries with "314th Infantry".
HISTORY OF THE LOG CABIN
History of the 314th Infantry Regiment A.E.F.
Organized as part of the 79th Division A.E.F. the men of the 314th were trained at Camp Meade, Maryland. Arriving at the camp in September, 1917 the unit completed training and sailed to France aboard the USS Leviathan in July, 1918. Upon arrival at Brest, France they continued training until September when they took part in the Meuse Argonne Offensive. Capturing the town of Malancourt on September, 26 1918, they assisted the 313th Infantry the following day in the capture of the town of Montfaucon. It should be noted that Montfaucon was a heavily defended area and observation post of the German army.
The 79th Division was relieved on September, 30th and transferred to the Troyon sector. Here they did a variety of tasks, including holding the front. Alternating duty with the 313th, 315th, and 316th Infantry in the trenches. In this period of so called rest, they were harassed with mustard gas, shelling and enemy raids but did not yield the line.
At the end of October the 79th Division was again relieved and moved in place to participate in the third phase of the Meuse Argonne Offensive. On November 1, 1918 the 314th drove forward and captured the towns of Crepion, Waville, and Moirey by November, 9th. The following day the unit captured Buisson Chaumont, Hill 328. On November 11th the 314th advanced against Cote de Romagne and stopped firing at 11am., time of the armistice. At wars end that day, the 314th had made the greatest drive of the offensive into German lines, east of the Meuse River.
The regiment continued training, passed a review by General Pershing, and shipped home on May 15, 1919 aboard the Princess Matokia. Arriving at Hoboken, New Jersey on May 26, they were discharged at Camp Dix, New Jersey end of May 1919.
This is a brief overview of the regiment and its actions. For more information about the 314th in World War One there is a current two volume booklet for sale. Please contact Steve Rentz at email@example.com Also see list of books and websites on this website.
Summary Chronology of the 314th Regiment
|August 25, 1917||General Joseph H. Kuhn assigned to Camp Meade to organize and command the new 79th Division.|
|Sept. 19, 1917||First contingent of selected men arrived at Camp Meade.|
|April 6, 1918||Division paraded in Baltimore before President Wilson.|
|July 8, 1918||Sailed for France on the U.S.S. Leviathan.|
|July 15, 1918||Arrived in Brest, France.|
|July 25 - Sept. 8, 1918||Regimental training begun in the vicinity of Prauthoy, France.|
|Sept. 26, 1918||Commenced Meuse Argonne Offensive: Captured Malancourt, France.|
|Sept. 27, 1918||Montfaucon captured by the 313th Regiment, assisted by 314th Regiment on the right.|
|Sept. 28. 1918||Nantillois captured by 315th Regiment.|
|Sept. 30, 1918||Relieved by 3rd Division and moved to Troyon Sector.|
|Oct. 26-28, 1918||Relieved from Troyon Sector by 33rd Division.|
|Nov. 1, 1918||Participated in third phase of Meuse Argonne Offensive. Assigned to Belleu Bois and Bois de Chenes.|
|Nov. 6, 1918||The Borne du Cornouillier (Hill 378) captured by the 316th Regiment.|
|Nov. 9, 1918||Captured Crepion, Wavrille, Gibercy, and Moirey.|
|Nov. 10, 1918||Captured Hill 328.|
|Nov. 11, 1918||Moved against Cote de Romagne. Armistice ended operations.|
|April 12, 1919||Division reviewed by General Pershing at Orquevaux. |
|May 15, 1919||Sailed home on the U.S.S. Princess Matoika from St. Nazaire, France.|
|May 26, 1919||Arrived at Hoboken, New Jersey.|
|May 27-31, 1919||Discharged at Camp Dix, New Jersey.|
79th Division History
Commanded by General Joseph H. Kuhn, the 79th Division was organized in August 1917. Composed of Pennsylvania, Maryland, and District of Columbia men, later rotations of draftees would include New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, and West Virginia.
The division trained at Camp Meade, Maryland which included help from British and French officers. Trench warfare was studied and taught but the American Army had taken the open attack approach for the upcoming offensives and the training reflected this. Several times during the course of training, men were moved from the division to other units. This, along with lack of proper equipment, and sufficient training hampered the division from deployment to France.
The 79th shipped out to France in July 1918 and continued training upon arrival in France. At the beginning of September 1918 the division entered the front line, relieving units of the French Army, and participated in the first phase of the Meuse-Argonne offensive. The average training of the men at this point in time was approximately 33 days, due to replacement troops. During the course of the next two months the 79th would earn two distinctions. One, for holding up the advance against formidable odds at Montfaucon, France and two, for making the deepest thrust into German lines on the last day of the war, November 11, 1918.
Communication problems, terrain, snipers, little artillery support, and overrun enemy positions in the rear were all problems for the division. French and Allied Aero support were all but nonexistent in several cases.
Division strength in August 1918 was at 26,150 men. In November the total is at 19,035. Although the division was only engaged from September 26, 1918 to November 11, 1918, it lost more men than any other American division during this period.
THE LORRAINE CROSS - Symbol of Triumph
In the battle of Nancy during the 15th Century, Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy, was defeated and the reign of the House of Anjou began. The Lorraine Cross was adopted by the new reign (Rene 11, 1473-1508) and served as a symbol of justice and freedom to the people of Lorraine and French Nation.
During all its war service, the 79th Division fought in the French province of Lorraine. Fighting against formidable odds, the division claimed victory. It is only fitting the division would choose the Lorraine Cross as its symbol and was adopted shortly after the war ended.
Originally called the Liberty Division, the 79th pledged to win back that portion called Lorraine for France. It is with honor that the 79th Division still wears the Cross of Lorraine today.
The Lorraine Cross was adopted by Major General Joseph Kuhn and his staff shortly after the armistice was signed.
Approved by General Headquarters, the insignia was to be worn on the upper left arm near the shoulder.
Many variations of the patch exist maybe due to the fact that most or all were sewn in France by different manufacturers.
Since the insignia was adopted after the end of the war it is quite possible that many of the men had little time to sew it on their uniform before boarding ship for home.
The organizational structure as shown in this text box for the 79th Division is based on|
War Department General Order 101 dated August 3, 1917 (click here and see pages 496-500), which begins with:
By direction of the President and under authority con ferred upon him by section 3 of "An act for making further and more effectual provisions for the national defense, and for other purposes," approved June 3, 1916, and section 1 of "An act to authorize the President to increase temporarily the Military Establishment of the United States," approved May 18, 1917, the higher organization of the Regular Army of the United States, subject to such modifications as may be announced from time to time, shall be as follows:
UNITS COMPRISING THE SEVENTY-NINTH DIVISION A.E.F.
(Read 550-page "History of the Seventy-Ninth Division A.E.F. during the World War: 1917-1919" online now)
310th Machine Gun Battalion
157th Infantry Brigade (Brigade HQ)
304th Field Signal Battalion
Force Structure of the US Army during World War One
(Prepared in the Historical Branch, War Plans Division, General Staff, June 1921)
Click here to read about the "US Army V Corps" force structure in 1918
Document downloaded from http://www.cgsc.edu/CARL/nafziger/918UIAL.pdf
which is the US Army Combined Arms Research Library [CARL],
part of the US Army Command and General Staff College [CGSC]
Click here to read the most recent Bugle Call Newsletter, for the latest news about the cabin and collection.
|You can download our new brochure (tri-fold pamphlet) by clicking on this link|
314th Infantry Memorial Cabin at Valley Forge Washington Memorial Chapel|
Deconstruction October 2012 for return to Fort Meade, Maryland
Pat the Dog was mascot and friend to the soldiers of the 314th Infantry.|
This article correctly states that from the American Civil War to modern day Afghanistan,
there has been an enduring bond between soldiers and their dogs over the centuries.
And that bond has been strong whether the soldier was an infantryman or a General.
The article has many photos which show that very strong bond.
The World War I Centennial Network|
at http://www.ww1-centennial.org is a collaborative association of organizations, museums and historic sites in the United States related to the First World War. The goal of the Network is to further public awareness of the history and memory of The Great War (1914-1918) as we approach and experience its centenary years. To this end, the World War I Centennial Network fosters collaboration and cross-promotion of the special events, commemorations and exhibits created by its members.
Extra Edition of The Bugle Call,|
A Newsletter for and by the Descendants and Friends of 314th Infantry 79th Division, WWI
The Cabin has Moved Home to Fort Meade!!
314th collection is now at Ft. Meade Museum and portions on display!
(click to view some initial photos)
We would like to thank the members of the 314th memorial committee:
Commanding the 314th Infantry
From John Eisenhower's book YANKS chapter 17 starts with the quotation above.
Related books and websites
|www.314th.org Website Statistics:|
|text/html||358 Web Pages||25,213,332|
Veterans of the 314 Infantry American Expeditionary Forces